Introduction To UAVs

Introduction

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), also known as a unmanned aircraft system (UAS), remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) or unmanned aircraft, is a machine which functions either by the remote control of a navigator, or pilot (called a Combat Systems Officer on UCAVs) or autonomously, that is, as a self-directing entity.

Planes Structural Types

  • Fixed Wings Plane

    (F-22 Raptor, Concorde)

  • Single-Rotor Plane

    (Helicopter)

  • Multi-Rotor Plane

    (Tri-Copter, Quad-Copter, Hexa-Copter, etc)

UAV Subsystems

  • Auto-Pilot Subsystem

    • This Subsystem Concerned with Navigation, Controlling and Command Handling.
  • Guidance and Navigation Subsystem

    • This Subsystem Concerned with Perceiving The Environment To Provide Data Help The Auto-Pilot or The Ground Station in Navigation and Controlling
  • Communication and Telemetry Subsystem (Uplink Command, Downlink Telemetry)

    • This Subsystem Concerned with Providing Sustainable Communication Session Between The Ground Station and The UAV in The Air and Handle The Communication Protocol.
  • Payload Subsystem

    • This Subsystem Concerned with The Application The UAV Designed For, And It Could Be Camera For Surveillance or Missile To Attack or Anything Else.
  • Ground Station (GS) Subsystem

    • This Subsystem in The Ground and Concerned with Communicating With The UAV By Giving it Commands, Receive Telemetry and Sometime Guiding It In Navigation.

UAV Controling Types

  • Radio Channel (RC) Remote Control

    • The UAV Controlled by Operator using 4-RC Remote
  • Autonomous Control

    • The UAV Control Itself To Perform Certain Mission
      (The Question Here is How Much Autonomous ?)
      .

Applications

Sample Video

This Article Presented By Member of AIExtreme Research Team
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